Alpha acid

The main bittering substance; a component of lupulin

Beta acid

A component of lupulin

Bine

Stem of a hop plant

Blight

Infestation of damson-hop aphid

Burr

Female hop flower from which the cones later develop

Canker

A fungal soil borne disease which attacks hops

Cohumulone

One of the Alpha acids

Coir yarn

Cordage and string made of coconut fibre

Cone

The part of the hop plant that is used in brewing

Damson-hop aphid

An insect pest

Downy mildew

A fungal disease which attacks hops

Dry hopping

The addition of a small quantity of hops to a full cask of beer

Dusting

Applying powder fungicides or insecticides to growing hops.

Essential oils

Aromatic oils found in lupulin glands

Foxy

Term applied to dried hops showing a marked tint of reddish brown due to over maturity, disease or decay

Hop extract

An extract of hops containing the useful brewing constituents

Hop garden

Kent name for a hop field

Hop pellets

Compressed hop powder

Hop yard

West Midlands name for a hop field

Hopping rate

Proportion of hops used in the brewing process

Hop pocket

A sack, approx 6 feet long, in which dried hops are pressed and stored. Contains about 80 kilos.

Kettle hop

Hop which is added to the copper or kettle in the early stages of the brewing process

Kiln

Building for drying hops in a current of warm air (West Midlands name)

Lupulin

The hop’s resin glands at the base of the cone bracts

Oast

A building used for the drying and storing of hops (Kent name)

Perennial

A plant that will shoot and grow again, year after year

Poke

Sack of loosely woven material capable of containing 8 – 10 bushels of green (undried) hops, awaiting drying

Powdery mildew

A fungal disease which attacks hops

Scuppet

Wooden shovel used for moving dried hops around the oast

Sett

Young hop plant propagated for transplanting to its permanent position in a hop garden

Spray

A lateral or side branch of a hop plant

Stock

Single hop plant

Strig

Central stem of hop plant

Twiddling

The process of winding or training hop stems around string

Verticillium wilt

A fungal soil-borne disease which attacks hops

Wirework

A pole system supporting wires and strings up which the hops climb

Zentner

1 Zentner = 50 kilos, 20 Zentners = 1 Tonne

Pilgrim is an excellent dual-purpose hop used in a range of ales at Summit Brewing Company, including our flagship Extra Pale Ale which just received another gold medal at the great American Beer Festival.  Its clean bitterness, balanced flavour profile and unique aroma qualities of currants, gooseberries and cedar blend particularly well with caramel and roasted malts found in pale ales, porters and export stouts.

Damian McConn, Head Brewer, Summit Brewing Company