Sussex

Flavour and Aroma

Sussex aromas include earthy, grassy, minty flavour notes.

Bittering Characteristics

Its bittering characteristics can be best described as a well rounded classic bittering hop.

Flavour Intensity

6/10

About this Hop

This is a new hop, found in 2005 on Gate Court, Northiam. Gate Court has been owned by the Cyster Family since 1919 and has been growing hops since at least 1900.  Peter Cyster (b. 1934) has been actively involved in this for many years and has won prizes at hop exhibitions.

Sussex was a ‘chance find’ in a hedgerow and Peter Cyster cultivated it and propagated it because it looked very promising.  It is an aroma hop, with low alpha, typically showing some 4%.  It is wilt tolerant, giving a reading of 65, and is reasonably tolerant of downy and powdery mildew.  It is a very easy hop to grow, very vigorous, easy to propagate and a good climber.

Brewing trials locally yield a delicate flavour, not unlike Fuggle, with good flavour retention and it is probably best suited to a light ale.

An oil analysis was carried out on 18 December 2006 by Dr. P. Darby, the Research Director at Wye Hops Limited, which showed that it was unlike any known variety and was therefore likely to be the result of open pollination in the wild.

It has been grown continuously since 2005 at Gate Court, Northiam on 10 and 12 foot wirework and yields are consistently good.

Breeding

Found in 2005 as a chance seedling in a hedge adjacent to a field of ‘Pilot’ growing at Gate Court, Northiam, Sussex, a farm belonging to the Cyster family since 1919.  It is a vigorous hedgerow or dwarf-habit variety.

It was selected for its strong resistance to downy mildew.  Powdery mildew and pests are also easily controlled.  In wilt-resistance tests, it has been found to be moderately resistant, similar to ‘Progress’ or ‘WGV’.

Analysis

Alpha acid: 4.3-5.8%

Beta acid: 2.4-3.2%

Co-Humulone: 29-32%

Total Oils: 0.4-0.6%

Myrcene: 42%

Humulene: 23%

Farnesene: Trace